Treatment Options for Nasal Polyps
Nasal polyps are soft, jelly-like overgrowths happening in the lining of sinuses. They will seem as grayish grape-like mass in the nasal cavity. Polyps in the nose and sinuses are rarely malignant. However large polyps can cause nose blockage, which makes it hard to breathe. Even so, the majority of nasal polyp problems may be helped.
Nasal Polyps Occur in about 1 in 200 People
Most of the time, the cause is rarely identified. Some may be a result of swelling from a sinus infection. Other factors just like asthma or even aspirin sensitivity and allergy symptoms may also trigger polyps and make them grow faster. Also, the chance of reoccurrence is greater even after nose operations.
- Polyps block the nose, and in most cases there is a decrease in the sense of smell.
- Since much of our own sense of taste is related to the sense of smell, patients with polyp may describe a lack of both taste and smell.
Nasal Obstruction can Also Happen
The pathways where the sinuses drain into the nose can be blocked by polyp. This would result in the mucous to remain in the sinuses, causing overcrowding. It can also cause pressure on the forehead and face. When mucous is in the sinuses too long, there is a high risk of infection.
Although most people with nasal polyps have no symptoms and require no treatment, those who do encounter signs have different treatment options.
The polyps are a result of a nose infection, they often times will be handled as how sinusitis symptoms are treated. Hostile medical treatment of sinus infection is useful to deal with polyp growths. Nose sprays are the most effective because they allow easy topical application of medicine to the infected areas.
Other Treatment Options Include:
Surgical removing - the polyp will be extracted surgically from the affected area. Removing the polyps with surgical treatment usually allows people to breathe easier through the nose. The surgery endures roughly 45 minutes to An hour. The surgical treatment can be done under general or nearby anaesthesia, and also the polyps are eliminated using endoscopic surgery. Recuperation from this type of surgery is anywhere from one to three days. However, there is a risk of re-growth in 50% of patients.
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- Cortisone or even steroids - the polyp may shrink down briefly and slow down polyp growth.
- Cortisone can not be taken long term because of high risk of side effects.
Sinus Rinse or Nasal Lavage
Nose rinses with warm water mixed with a small amount of salt can be very helpful to clear sinuses. This method can also be used as a preventive measure to discourage the polyps from growing back and should be used in combination with a nose steroid.
Allergy desensitization injections- sometimes used in hypersensitive patients with hay fever and also polyps. Even though this often helps with hay fever and so cuts down on fever's negative effects on the polyps, there is no guarantee that the injections help shrink the polyps directly.
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Although there is no real way to prevent or get rid of nasal polyps completely, therapy aimed at the main cause might help.